Land developers are generally required to oversee property acquisitions, alongside the subsequent planning and construction process. The real estate organisations to which land developers belong may specialise in one particular area of development, broadly defined as commercial and residential. These categories may be narrowed down to residential, retail, office, and industrial developments.

When overseeing developments, land developers generally take into account property value, the current state of the economy, zoning restrictions, and the suitability of land. Those specialising in other areas may assist in portfolio development or market analysis. Land developers may work to subdivide land in order to better suit the development project or to maximise potential profit.