Land development is the process of altering a landscape so it can meet the residential, commercial, or industrial needs of a specific area or community. It requires collaboration between multidisciplinary fields to plan and design to meet development goals, while also working with the environment, surrounding communities, and pre-existing structures.

Like many other components of civil engineering, the land development process involves strict rules and regulations and requires the acquisition of government approvals before the physical development can begin.

On a smaller scale, land development can also refer to individual investors who may be in possession of a piece of land which they can choose to prepare for the development of property by applying for planning permission and once obtained, sell the piece of land, along with the pre-approved plans for development works.